Eden Medina, Bones and Lives: Making and Unmaking Truth After Dictatorship, manuscript in preparation, under contract with Duke University Press.
Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques and Christina Holmes, eds. Beyond Imported Magic: Science, Technology and Society
in Latin America. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2014.
*Winner, 2016 Amsterdamska Award from the European Society for the Study of Science and Technology (EASST)
Eden Medina, Revolucionarios cibernéticos: Tecnología y
política en el Chile de Salvador Allende. Santiago,
Chile: LOM Ediciones, 2013.
Eden Medina, Cybernetic Revolutionaries:
Technology and Politics in Allende's Chile. Cambridge, Mass:
MIT Press, 2011.
*Winner, 2012 Edelstein Prize for outstanding book in the
history of technology
*Winner, 2012, Computer
History Museum Prize for outstanding book in the history of
*Honorable Mention, Recent History and Memory Book Prize
of the Latin American Studies Association. See reviews of the book.
Eden Medina, "Forensic Identification in the Aftermath of
Human Rights Crimes in Chile: A Decentered Computer History," Technology and Culture 59 (4 Supplement)(2018): S100-S133.
As computer historians extend the bounds of what constitutes
computer history, they must also take care not to write histories
that overstate the importance of these technologies. "Decentering"
the computer in computer history provides a way for historians to
study the role of computers in more domains without exaggerating
their importance. Here I illustrate how the use of a computer system
for forensic identification formed part of Chile's complicated
history of truth, justice, and reconciliation in the aftermath of the
Pinochet dictatorship. While computers are not, and should not be,
the central focus of how we understand processes of truth and
reconciliation in history, in this case they illuminate the dynamics
of how those working within the Chilean government, including its
justice system, have approached Chile's history of human rights
Eden Medina and Ilan Sandberg Wiener, "Science and Harm in Human Rights Cases: Preventing the Revictimization of Families of the Disappeared," Yale Law Journal Forum, 125 (2016): 331-342.
International human rights law and the jurisprudence of the Inter-American Court of Human Rights obligate
states to investigate cases of forced disappearance (also called enforced disappearance) until the victim has
been found and identified. This obligation aims to end the uncertainty that families face, make the events of
past atrocities public, and, in some cases, collect evidence for criminal proceedings. However, fact finding
as a means of reparation can also lead to the revictimization of those affected, thereby causing a secondary
harm. A broader construction of the reparation obligation that recognizes the risk of revictimization would help states
mitigate this harm and better serve the needs of families.
Eden Medina, "Rethinking Algorithmic Regulation," Kybernetes, 44 (6/7) (2015): 1005-1019.
The history of cybernetics holds important lessons for how we approach present-day problems in such areas
as algorithmic regulation and big data. This article positions Project Cybersyn as a historical form of algorithmic
regulation and uses this historical case study as a thought experiment for thinking about ways to improve discussions
of algorithmic regulation and big data today. This conceptual paper draws from the author's extensive research on
Cybersyn's history to build an argument for how cybernetic history can constructively enrich current discussions on
algorithmic regulation and the use of big data for governance.
Stephanie Kane, Eden Medina and Daniel Micheler, "Infrastructural Drift in Seismic Cities: Chile, Pacific Rim, 27 February, 2010," Social Text, 122 (2015): 71-92.
This article traces the government decision making that took place during
the Chilean earthquake and tsunami of February 27, 2010. It brings
together ethnography and the social study of science and technology to
illuminate how communications infrastructures exacerbated the
uncertainties in military protocol. We use the Chilean case to develop
the concept of infrastructural drift, which we define as the practices,
behaviors, and unforeseen effects that accompany a systemic but
unsystematic shift in technological habits.
Eden Medina, "Big Blue in the Bottomless Pit: The Early Years of IBM Chile," IEEE Annals of the History of Computing 30 (2008): 26-41.
This article examines the history of IBM in Chile, a slender South American country bordered by the Andean cordillera and the Pacific Ocean. It asks how IBM came to dominate the Chilean computer market and emphasizes the importance of studying both IBM corporate strategy and Chilean national history to address this question. The article also examines how IBM reproduced its corporate culture in Latin America and how the company used its culture to adapt to political and economic changes in the region and create a global workforce.
Eden Medina, "Designing
Freedom, Regulating a Nation: Socialist Cybernetics
in Allende's Chile," Journal of
Latin American Studies 38 (2006): 571-606.
*Winner, 2007 IEEE Life Member's Prize in Electrical History.
This article presents a history of "Project Cybersyn," an early computer network developed in Chile during the socialist presidency of Salvador Allende (1970-1973) to regulate the growing social property area and manage the transition of Chile's economy from capitalism to socialism. This article has been translated into French and Spanish.
Hilary Charlesworth, Sally Merry, B.S. Chimni, Javier Couso, Terry Halliday, Outi Korhonen, Vivian Lin, Eden Medina, Leslye Obiora, César Rodríguez-Garavito, Greg Shaffer, and Rene Urueñ a, "International Organizations and Technologies of Governance," International Panel for Social Progress Report: Reshaping Society for the Twenty-first Century. Cambridge University Press (forthcoming 2018).
Eden Medina, "Reading History in a Large Concrete Panel," Monolith Controversies.Eds. Hugo Palmarola and Pedro Alonso. Berlin: Hatje Cantz, 2014.
*Winner, 2014 DAM Architectural Book Award.
Michael Lemon and Eden Medina, “A Review of History of Technology Scholarship on Latin America in English Language Journals,” Beyond Imported Magic: Science, Technology and Society in Latin America. Ed. Eden Medina, Ivan da Costa Marques, and Christina Holmes. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, forthcoming 2014.
Eden Medina, "Cibernetica Socialista en el Chile de Allende," Situation Room. Ed. Pablo de Soto. Gijon, Spain: LABoral Center for Industrial Art and
Creation, 2010. Chapter published in Spanish and English.
Eden Medina, "Secret Plan Cybersyn," in Conspire. Transmediale Parcours 1. Ed. Stephen Kovats and Thoman Munz. Frankfurt, Germany: Revolver Press, 2008. Chapter published in English and German.
Eden Medina, "Ballet Slippers," in Evocative Objects: Things We Think With. Ed. Sherry Turkle. Cambridge, Mass: MIT Press, 2007.
Eden Medina, "Democratic Socialism, Cybernetic Socialism," in Making Things Public: Atmospheres of Democracy. Ed. Bruno Latour and Peter Weibel. Cambridge,
Mass.: MIT Press, 2005.
Eden Medina and David Mindell, "Engineering
and Computer Science in Action: The Structure
of Engineering Revolutions," in Using
History to Teach Computer Science and Related
Disciplines. Ed. Atsushi Akera
and William Aspray. Washington, D.C.: Computer
Research Associaton, 2004.
Essays and Reviews
Eden Medina, "Las políticas para interconectar una nación," Revista Diseña, 11 (2017): 46-60.
Eden Medina, "Memories of the Yagan: The Chilean Automobile for the People," Technosphere Magazine, Spring 2017.
Eden Medina, "The Power of Paper," The Hill, December 2016.
Eden Medina, "The Politics of Networking a Nation," Public Books, November 2016. Translated into Spanish.
Eden Medina, "Book Review of Conflicts in the Knowledge Society: The Contentious Politics of Intellectual Property by Sebastian Haunss
," Journal of the Association for Information Science and Technology, 66 (4) (2015): 869-871.
Eden Medina, "The Cybersyn Revolution," Jacobin Magazine, Spring 2015. Translated into German.
Eden Medina, "Author Response: Cybernetic Revolutionaries," History and Technology 28 (4) (2013): 431-441.
Eden Medina, "Cybernetic Revolutionaries," Cabinet, Summer 2012: 21-27.
Eden Medina, "Computers," in Encyclopedia
of U.S. Labor and Working Class History. Ed. Eric Arnesen. New York: Routledge,
Eden Medina, "Computer
Memory, Collective Memory: Recovering History
Through Chilean Computing," IEEE
Annals of the History of Computing 27 (2005):
Eden Medina, "Beyond
the Ballot Box: Computer Science Education and
Social Responsibility," Inroads - The
SIGCSE Bulletin 36 (2004): 7-10.
Eden Medina, "Freedom
in Code: The Birth of the Chilean Free Software
Movement," ReVista Harvard Review
of Latin America 3 (2004): 23-24.
Eden Miller, “Decrypting Mathematics,” book review of In Code by Sarah and David Flannery, IEEE Technology and Society Magazine 21: 9-10.